Action Plans for Disaster Management and Preparedness
Due to the migration of people from rural to urban areas, cities and municipalities all over the world are at risk because of the development of tall buildings, thicker population, more overhead power cables, and crowded living conditions. This condition, plus more industries, oil pipelines and storage tanks and occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides causes an impending big disaster. As we saw in the previous years, some parts of the world undergoing different disasters have varying extent and manner of preparedness and how the people react. In the concept of mitigation, activities and measures included are put in place in order to minimize the disaster’s effects and impact. In addition to this, the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area are covered. Due to previous experience, we have seen that a certain level preparedness can to a large extent, mitigate the effects of these disasters as compared to areas without proper preparation. Many angles and aspects are involved depending on the locality and the community concerned. The categorization of these measures are known as structural and non-structural.
Another categorization for these preparedness measures of mitigating disasters aside from structural and non-structural, is either active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Usually, the active measures are more effective than the passive measures that depend on laws and controls. This is proven by the fact that city planning codes and rules which are based on the law lack effectiveness unless thoroughly implemented with the strong participation of the owners of buildings. Giving subsidies and lessening premiums for insurance for safer constructions can be effective.
There must always be a trait of being prepared all the time by the government or local authorities as it can help the government or individual chattng. It is important to have simple and easy plans and policies for implementation by the disaster preparedness and management unit. Increasing the awareness of the public and organization members should be required and that warning systems should be properly placed and regularly checked, including the proper planning of land use. Lack of good planning will result in the difficulty of the fire truck and ambulance to get through and fires that cannot be controlled. If pre planning is not done or made, it would be difficult and challenging to respond to disaster like post disaster management.
Source: Water Removal